saintis Rusia dan Korea mahu klon gajah purba mammoth

Pasukan saintis Rusia dan Korea Selatan memeterai perjanjian bersama semalam untuk mewujudkan semula gajah purba yang dikenali sebagai mammoth.

Gajah itu hidup sekitar 10,000 tahun dahulu.

Perjanjian bersama itu ditandatangani Timbalan Rektor Universiti Persekutuan Timur Laut Republik Sakha, Vasily Vasiliev dan pelopor teknologi pengklonan Korea Selatan, , Hwang Woo-Suk daripada Yayasan Penyelidikan Bioteknologi Sooam.


Saintis-saintis sel stem kini berminat untuk menghidupkan semula gajah tersebut selepas beberapa bangkai mamalia berkenaan ditemui di Siberia.

Mengulas mengenai projek tersebut, pihak yayasan itu menyatakan, ia akan bermula pada tahun ini jika Universiti Rusia itu dapat menghantar bangkai gajah tersebut.

Institut Genom Beijing turut terlibat dalam projek itu.

"Misi pertama dan paling sukar adalah untuk memulihkan sel-sel gajah itu," kata seorang penyelidik yayasan tersebut, Hwang In-Sung.

Rakan-rakan sekerjanya akan menyertai beberapa saintis Rusia untuk cuba menemui tisu gajah itu dengan gen yang masih baik.


Para saintis itu akan menggantikan nukleus sel telur gajah biasa dengan sel gajah purba tersebut.

Kaedah itu akan dapat menghasilkan embrio gajah purba.

Embrio itu kemudian dimasukkan ke dalam rahim gajah betina sebelum dilahirkan sebagai anak gajah tersebut. - AFP

Sumber asal: kosmo! online

info tambahan:

A mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair.

They lived from the Pliocene epoch from around 5 million years ago, into the Holocene at about 4,500 years ago and were members of the family Elephantidae, which contains, along with mammoths, the two genera of modern elephants and their ancestors.

The word "mammoth" comes from the Russian мамонт mamont, probably in turn from the Vogul (Mansi) language, mang ont, meaning "earth horn". The word first appeared in English in Richard James's Dictionariolum Russico-Anglicum of 1618.

In English, the noun "mammoth" also has become an adjective meaning "large" or "massive".


Like their modern relatives, mammoths were quite large. The largest known species reached heights in the region of 4 m (13 ft) at the shoulder and weights up to 8 tonnes (9 short tons), while exceptionally large males may have exceeded 12 tonnes (13 short tons).

However, most species of mammoth were only about as large as a modern Asian elephant. Based on studies of their close relatives, the modern elephants, mammoths probably had a gestation period of 22 months, resulting in a single calf being born.

Their social structure was probably the same as that of African and Asian elephants, with females living in herds headed by a matriarch, whilst bulls lived solitary lives or formed loose groups after sexual maturity.

source: wikipedia-Mammoth

simieY: uikss.. teringat citer Ice Age.huhuu..

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